As with most sporting literature, there are two principal strains: the how-to and the how-wonderful. Hemingway was aware of this tradition and made significant contributions to both strains in his journalism and his fiction. In fact, a comparison of his fishing journalism with his fishing fiction reveals much about the differences between the two strains and the distinctive nature of the literary kind. Browning considers Hemingway one of the most important figures in the canon of trout literature, claiming that he “bestrides” the stream of that genre “like a colossus” (93). It is not far from the mark to say that Hemingway’s career began and ended with fishing stories: “Big Two-Hearted River” (1924) was the first of his stories to become well known and The Old Man and the Sea (1952) was the last major work to be published during his lifetime.
“Hemingway’s Trout Fishing in Paris: A Metaphor for the Uses of Writing” by Stephen L. Tanner; The Hemingway Review, Vol. 19, 1999.